Cat Breeds

European Burmese

Isabel Hartley

The European Burmese cat is a delightful breed that offers a bundle of joy and companionship to cat lovers.

Known for their affectionate nature, these cats are well-regarded for their sociability and their tendency to form strong bonds with their families.

With their striking appearance and playful disposition, they fit perfectly into various household environments, making them an excellent choice for many potential pet owners.

This breed stands out with its muscular body, rounded head, and expressive eyes that often captivate those who come across them.

Not only are they charming in looks, but they also carry a reputation for good health and are recognized for their relatively low maintenance needs when it comes to grooming.

European Burmese cats are usually eager to interact and play, which makes them great for homes with children or other pets.

History and Origin

The European Burmese cat has a distinct story, beginning in the East and evolving into the breed recognized today in Europe.

It shares roots with the American Burmese but has developed its own identity over time.

Genetic Roots

European Burmese cats trace their lineage back to Burma (now known as Myanmar).

They likely share ancestors with the Siamese breed, hinting at a similar Southeast Asian origin.

This common ancestry suggests a connection to the Tonkinese breed, given the similarities in body build and characteristics that were exhibited in cat shows as early as 1871.

Development and Recognition

The European Burmese developed as a separate line in Europe through selective breeding, initially from cats imported from Southeast Asia.

It was during the 1930s that the breed began to take shape in the United States, but European breeders pursued a different standard that led to the recognition of the European Burmese as a distinctive breed.

Unlike their American counterparts that are categorized as a medium-sized breed, European Burmese are generally slightly larger and their breed group is classified as semi-longhaired, although major associations may not recognize this distinction.

To distinguish this breed from the American Burmese, deliberate breeding practices have characterized its history in Europe.

Even though they come from the same ancestor, these breeding decisions have brought out the uniqueness of the European Burmese. Numerous cat registries acknowledge this and claim that the European and American Burmese types come from different genetic lines.

Physical Characteristics

The European Burmese is a medium-sized cat known for its sleek appearance and charming colors. This breed boasts a distinctive look that blends elegance and athleticism.

Coat and Colors

The coat of the European Burmese is short and satiny, lying close to the body. It comes in a variety of colors, including:

  • Solid: Sable, blue, chocolate, and lilac
  • Dilute: Cream, red, and tortoiseshell
  • Patterns: Typically these cats are solid, but some may display tortoiseshell patterns.

Body Structure

Their bodies are moderate in form, presenting a well-balanced and muscular build without extremes. They exhibit a unique combination of graceful lines and a rounded chest, with a medium to slender build. Here’s a glance at their physical attributes:

  • Weight: Ranges from 6 to 10 pounds
  • Build: Moderately compact with strong musculature

Facial Features

The European Burmese’s facial features set them apart from other breeds:

  • Eyes: Almond-shaped, expressive, and typically gold or yellow in color.
  • Ears: Medium-sized, set well apart, and slightly rounded at the tips.
  • Nose: Short with a slight break.
  • Chin: Slightly rounded, giving the face a sweet expression.

Personality Traits

The European Burmese cat is known for its engaging personality. These cats are not just loving creatures, but they also exhibit a level of intelligence and social grace that sets them apart.


The European Burmese are playful, loving, and intelligent.

They are known for their “dog-like” personalities, showing a playful spirit well into adulthood.

This breed thrives on interaction and mental stimulation, which aligns with their inquisitive nature.

Social Behavior

They are highly sociable cats that relish human company, forming strong bonds with their families.

European Burmese often behave affectionately, seeking out companionship and not shying away from being the center of attention.

They interact well with children and other pets, making them well-suited for various household dynamics.


European Burmese cats adapt quite well to different environments.

They manage changes with a level of ease, whether it’s moving homes or welcoming new family members.

Their calm temperament and adaptable nature enable them to maintain composure in unfamiliar situations.

Care and Health

Caring for a European Burmese cat involves a blend of regular grooming, awareness of health issues specific to the breed, and providing a balanced diet. These cats are typically robust but do have some breed-specific health considerations to keep in mind.

Grooming Needs

European Burmese cats have sleek, short coats that require minimal grooming.

A weekly brushing should suffice to keep their fur in good condition. This brushing not only helps remove loose hairs but also distributes natural skin oils throughout their coat, keeping it shiny.

Health Considerations

Burmese cats, including the European variety, are generally healthy, but they can be prone to:

  • Hypokalemia is a condition characterized by low blood potassium levels.
  • Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects a cat’s ability to produce or respond to insulin.

Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are important to monitor for these conditions and ensure overall well-being.

Diet and Nutrition

European Burmese cats need a balanced diet rich in quality protein.

Whether choosing commercial cat food or preparing a home-cooked diet, owners should focus on the following nutrients:

  • Protein: Essential for growth and repair; should be the main component of their diet.
  • Fats: Necessary for energy and to support cell function.
  • Carbohydrates: Though not a primary need, it provides an additional energy source.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Important for various body functions and maintaining health.

It’s essential to provide fresh water at all times and adjust food portions to maintain a healthy weight.

Frequently Asked Questions

The European Burmese cat, a distinct breed from its American counterpart, offers a range of attractive traits and comes with its own set of particularities. These FAQs cover key aspects like breed differences, pricing, allergy concerns, adoption tips, color variety, and lifespan.

What’s the difference between a Burmese cat and a European Burmese cat?

The main differences lie in their physical features; European Burmese cats tend to have a more slender build and a wedge-shaped head, while American Burmese are stockier with a rounder head shape

What’s the usual price range for a European Burmese kitten?

European Burmese kittens can be priced anywhere from $450 to $3,000, depending on factors like lineage, pedigree, and the breeder’s reputation.

Are European Burmese cats likely to cause allergies, or are they somewhat hypoallergenic?

European Burmese cats are not hypoallergenic. Like many breeds, they produce allergens through their saliva and dander, which can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.

Can you share some tips on how to find European Burmese kittens up for adoption?

One can start by checking local shelters and rescue groups, as well as searching for breed-specific rescues.

Online platforms and social media groups dedicated to cat adoptions can also be good resources to find European Burmese kittens.

What colors do European Burmese cats come in?

European Burmese cats come in a variety of colors, including sable, champagne, blue, platinum, lilac, fawn, red, cream, chocolate, cinnamon, and tortoiseshell.

How long can I expect my European Burmese cat to be a part of the family?

European Burmese cats generally boast a lifespan of 12 to 16 years. Proper care and a healthy environment can influence their longevity.