Cat Breeds

Russian Blue

Isabel Hartley

The Russian Blue cat is a medium-sized breed with a strikingly elegant appearance, known for its beautiful silvery-blue coat and vivid green eyes.

This breed, which has its origins in Russia, is well-known for its plush double coat, which not only gives it a luxurious appearance but also acts as a dense fur covering to set it apart from other breeds.

Despite their regal bearing, Russian Blues are known for their friendly and gentle temperament.

They typically reach maturity at one year old and tend to form strong bonds with their families, often showing affection and loyalty.

Their calm demeanor makes them suitable for many living environments, including quieter households where they can thrive in a stable routine.

These cats are also noted for being highly intelligent and playful, enjoying interactive toys and games that challenge their inquisitive nature.

One of the practical advantages of Russian Blues is their low-shedding coat, which produces less Fel D1, a common allergen found in cats.

This characteristic, coupled with their tendency not to shed much, makes them a popular choice among individuals with mild cat allergies.

Their independence and modest grooming needs offer an added appeal to pet parents looking for a lower-maintenance companion.

Breed History

The Russian Blue, who has a plush, blue-grey coat and bright green eyes, has an intriguing past that spans from northern Russia to homes all over the world.


They believe the Russian Blue cat sprang from the frosty climes of the Arkhangelsk islands in northern Russia, also known as the Archangel Islands.

Legends say sailors transported these felines to Europe in the 1860s, where their thick, silvery coats were no doubt a warm welcome amid cooler climates.


The Russian Blue gained fame in Great Britain during the Victorian era, with their regal appearance and refined demeanor resonating with cat enthusiasts.

Its popularity surged again post-World War II, as breeders in America and Britain worked to expand the gene pool, allowing many to delight in their serene and gentle companionship to this day.

Physical Characteristics

The Russian Blue is an elegant feline with a distinctive coat and graceful physique. These traits combine to give the breed a regal yet gentle appearance.

Coat and Color

The Russian Blue’s coat is one of its most notable features. It is short, dense, and has a fine texture that feels plush to the touch. Due to the silver-tipped guard hairs, the fur is a consistent shade of blue-gray with a striking silver sheen.

This unique coat does not shed excessively, which is appealing to cat owners, especially those with allergies.


Under its luxurious fur, the Russian Blue has a light and muscular body. They usually weigh between 10 and 14 pounds and have a height range of 8 to 10 inches at the shoulder.

Despite their medium size, they often appear larger due to their dense coat. Their body is long and elegantly slim, giving them a distinctive, refined outline.

Distinct Features

Their eyes are a vivid emerald green, round, and wide-set, adding to the breed’s striking look. These captivating eyes are one of the hallmarks of the Russian blue and can be quite expressive. Another characteristic is their fine-boned legs, which end in small, rounded paws.

The breed also has a straight nose and a wedge-shaped head, with large ears that sit high and upright on their heads.

Temperament and Behavior

The Russian Blue cat is known for a distinct temperament that combines sweet-tempered loyalty with a touch of reserved independence.

Personality Traits

Russian Blues often form a deep bond with their owners, following them around and seeking their company. Despite their loyal nature, these cats are not overly demanding of attention. They tend to express their affection in a gentle, quiet manner rather than through vocalizations.

With an intelligent and curious disposition, they may exhibit playful behavior while also enjoying their time alone.

  • Loyal: They closely bond with their owners.
  • Reserved: May be shy around strangers.
  • Gentle: Known for their calm and soft demeanor.
  • Quiet: Less talkative compared to other breeds.
  • Playful: They enjoy interactive play that stimulates their intelligence.
  • Independent: Comfortable with spending time alone.

Compatibility with Humans and Pets

Russian blue cats generally get along well with humans, including children, as they appreciate a stable and predictable environment. They are also known to coexist peacefully with other pets, but it’s important to introduce them properly.

Their reserved nature means a Russian Blue might take some time to warm up to new faces, whether human or animal.

However, once acclimated, they are often affectionate and social members of the household.

  • Children: They can be good companions for children who respect their space.
  • Other Pets: Typically live harmoniously with other animals.
  • New Faces: Initial shyness can be overcome with gentle introductions.

Care and Health

Russian Blue cats are pretty low maintenance, but they have specific needs to stay healthy and happy. Here’s what to keep in mind for grooming, diet, and common health issues.

Grooming Needs

Russian blues have a dense, soft double coat that benefits from regular brushing. Weekly brushing is often enough to keep it neat and reduce shedding.

Dietary Requirements

A balanced diet is crucial. High-quality cat food—rich in protein—is the best pick for these medium-sized cats. They should have measured meals to prevent obesity, which can lead to other health issues. Always provide them with fresh water to keep them hydrated.

Common Health Issues

While generally healthy, Russian Blues can develop typical cat ailments such as dental issues and obesity. With a lifespan of 15-20 years, regular veterinary check-ups are important to monitor their health and catch any potential issues early.

Frequently Asked Questions

In this section, they’re covering some common curiosities about Russian Blue cats, ranging from cost to temperament.

How much does a Russian blue kitten typically cost?

A Russian Blue kitten can vary in price but typically costs between $1,000 and $1,700. Factors such as pedigree, breeder reputation, and location can influence the final price.

What are the defining characteristics of a Russian blue cat’s personality?

Russian blue cats are known for being intelligent, playful, and affectionate. They tend to be family-oriented and can exhibit a reserved nature toward strangers.

Can you tell me what makes Russian blue cats unique?

Russian blue cats are unique due to their dense, soft double coat, which has a striking silvery-blue color. They are reputed for producing less Fel-D1, a common allergen, and are known for their brilliant green eyes.

What might be causing my Russian blue to act aggressively?

Aggressiveness in Russian blue cats may stem from factors like lack of socialization, stress, fear, or territorial disputes. Understanding their behavior is critical to addressing any issues.

Are Russian blue cats generally considered to be sociable and friendly pets?

They are social with their family but might be shy around strangers. Russian Blues are friendly, comfortable, and favor a predictable environment.

How often do you come across Russian blue cats compared to other breeds?

Russian Blue cats are less common than some more prevalent breeds, like the Domestic Shorthair. However, their popularity is growing due to their striking appearance and amicable nature.